German State Party

   the July 1930 merger of the DDP and the People's National Reich Association (Volksnationale Reichsvereinigung, VNR), the political arm of Jungdo.* Also joining the Party were several Young Liberals (Jungliberalen) from the DVP. According to the merger agreement, Erich Koch-Weser,* chairman of the DDP, would serve as the DStP's Reichstag* faction leader, while Artur Mahraun, chairman of the VNR, became national leader (Reichsfu'hrer). Arising from the depression,* the fusion aimed to reverse the shift of middle-class voters to splinter parties. But Koch had inadequately reconciled DDP colleagues to the new arrangement. The Reichstag elections of September 1930 brought the DStP only 3.8 percent of the vote and twenty parliamentary seats. The poor showing was largely the result of old-line Democrats, offended by the merger, casting their votes for the SPD. Of less significance at the polls, but crucial in evaluating Koch's grasp of his new allies, is the fact that about half of those who had once supported the Jungdo cast their ballots for the NSDAP. The merger collapsed in October 1930 when old-line Democrats blocked Koch's election as faction leader while de-manding a liberal platform unacceptable to Mahraun. The secession of the VNR reduced the faction to fourteen and compelled Koch's resignation. Combined with the September balloting, the October crisis was a psychological blow from which German liberalism failed to recover. Weakly managed for two years by Hermann Dietrich,* the DStP received but 1.0 percent of the vote and four mandates in the July 1932 Reichstag elections; it retained two seats after No-vember 1932. From September 1932 until its demise the Party was led by the triumvirate of Dietrich, Reinhold Maier, and Carl Petersen.* Although it elected five deputies in March 1933, these chose, by a faction vote of 3-2, to support Hitler's* Enabling Act.* The DStP dissolved on 28 June 1933.
   REFERENCES:Chanady, "Dissolution"; Frye, Liberal Democrats; Larry Jones, German Liberalism.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German State Party — Germany This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Germany …   Wikipedia

  • German Democratic Party — Deutsche Demokratische Partei Founded 1918 Dissolved 1930 Preceded by Progressive People s Party Succeeded by Germa …   Wikipedia

  • German Workers' Party — For the German Workers Party in Austria Hungary, see German Workers Party (Austria Hungary). German Workers Party Deutsche Arbeiterpartei Leader Anton Drexler Founded January 5, 1919 Dissolved …   Wikipedia

  • German-Hanoverian Party — 1932 electoral poster The German Hanoverian Party (German: Deutsch Hannoversche Partei) was a conservative, federalist political party in Germany. The party was founded on 31 december 1869, in protest of the annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover… …   Wikipedia

  • German Farmers' Party — The German Farmers Party (German: Deutsche Bauernpartei, or DBP) or German Peasants Party was a German agrarian political party during the Weimar Republic, existing from 1928 33 …   Wikipedia

  • German Communist Party — For other uses, see Communist Party of Germany (disambiguation). German Communist Party Deutsche Kommunistische Partei Leader Bettina Jürgensen …   Wikipedia

  • German Democratic Party — (Deutsche Demokratische Partei, DDP)    Following a 10 November 1918 meeting at the offices of Theodor Wolff,* an announcement was printed on 16 November in the Berliner Tageblatt of the intent of liberal politicians and like minded colleagues to …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • State Party —    See German State Party …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • German National People's Party — Deutschnationale Volkspartei Founded 1918 Dissolved …   Wikipedia

  • German People's Party — This article is about the German People s Party which existed between 1918 and 1933. For the party with same name, which existed between 1868 and 1910, see German People s Party (1868). For the party which existed in Romania between 1935 and 1938 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.